Sometimes it can be good to test how a program will behave if a TCP socket/connection that the program has created is closed.
For Windows it can easily be done by using Microsoft Windows Sysinternals program TCPView by right clicking on a TCP connection and choose "Close Connection". I'm not sure how it is implemented but by using Wireshark capture while closing a TCP connection you can see that a RST TCP segment is sent to the from your host to the remote side.
But with Linux it is a bit tricker. Here is a script I created that can do it:
#Syntax: ./killtcp.sh 5328 10.10.14.41 14001
# PID IP PORT
file_descriptors=`lsof -Pnp $pid`
echo "$file_descriptors" |grep TCP | grep $ip:$port | while read file_descriptor
handle=`echo $file_descriptor | cut -f4 -d' '`
echo "call close($handle)" > gdb_debugger.txt
sudo gdb -p $pid -batch -x gdb_debugger.txt
It uses lsof to find out the internal file descriptor handle(s) of the application. Then it writes gdb close commands to a file (file was the only way I could get it into gdb). Then it uses gdb to connect to the PID of the program with the TCP connection and forces a close on the file handle(s).
This is not the cleanest way to do it. It might crash your application!? But I have used it successfully on ssh and some java programs I wrote and it worked okay.